Oncogenic virus is a virus which is capable of inducing the formation of tumors. This type of virus is also called a tumor virus. There are certain of oncogenic viruses which are described as follows:
- Rous Sarcoma Virus (RAV)
- Murine Sarcoma Viruses (MSV)-cause sarcoma in mice
- Murine Leukemia Viruses (MSV)-cause leukemia in mice
- Mouse mammary tumour virus is the ‘milk factor’ of Bittner which causes mammary cancer in mice.
- Avian Sarcoma Viruses (ASV)-cause sarcoma in birds.
- Avian Leukosis Viruses (ALV) cause leukemia in birds.
- Avian Myeloblastic leukemia Virus (AMV)
- Minute virus of mice.
- Polyoma virus of mice and SV40 induce solid tumours in hamsters and mice.
- Many serotypes of human and monkey adenoviruses induce malignancy in hamsters and rats. Adeno 12, 18 and 21 are the most oncogenic in the laboratory.
- Several member induce leukemias and lymphomas in monkeys guinea-pigs, rabbits and chicken.
- Rabbit fibroms-myxoma virus causes tumours in rabbits.
- Yaba monkey tumour virus causes benign subcutaneous tumours in monkeys and man.
- Molluscum cantagiosum causes benign epidermal tumours in man.