Acridine dyes such as ICR-170 and ICR-191 are very powerful mutagen that induces frameshift mutations in plants and other organisms.
Mutations are changes in the DNA sequence of a cell’s genome and are caused by radiation, viruses, transposons and mutagenic chemicals, as well as errors that occur during meiosis or DNA replication. They can also be induced by the organism itself, by cellular processes such as hypermutation. Mutation can result in several different types of
The effects of mutation are as follows: 1. Lethal: A good number of mutations can be lethal. 2. Sub-vital: Some may reduce the chance of survival of the incumbent. 3. Super-vital: Increase the biological fitness under a given set of environmental conditions. 4. Unchangeable: State of the organism remains unchanged.