What is Analogy?

Under any scheme of classification, forms which resemble one another are
grouped together . Such structures which show superficial resemblance due to similar habits and environment are known as analogous structures. Analogy is the term which is used to express apparent similarity of the structures which have same function to perform but are different in their origin and structural peculiarities. For example, the wings of an insect and a bird , are analogous in nature since both serve the same purpose but are very different in structure.

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